Carolina González


Carolina González

Contact Information

Office Location
Diffenbaugh 322
Hispanic Linguistics (MA and PhD)
Office Hours

Monday 12:30-2:30 and by appointment

Professor González (Ph.D., Linguistics, University of Southern California), Professor of Spanish and Linguistics, specializes in phonetics and phonology. Her research focuses on Spanish consonantal phenomena, Spanish L1 and L2 intonation, and prosody-conditioned alternations in Panoan languages (spoken in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil). In addition, she is currently writing a book on how to invent languages, under contract with Cambridge University Press.

Research Interests




Laboratory phonology

L2 phonological acquisition

Syntax-phonology interface


Language invention

Courses Taught

Spanish phonology

Spanish phonetics

Acoustic phonetics of Spanish

Acquisition of Spanish phonology

History of the Spanish Language

Sounds of the Worlds' Languages

Patterns of Sounds

Language Birth, Language Death

Seminar on Language Invention

Selected Publications

  • GONZÁLEZ, C. (contract). Inventing Languages: A Practical Introduction. Manuscript under contract for publication, Cambridge: CUP.
  • González, C. & Lara Reglero. 2023. Intonation Correlates of Canonical and Non-canonical Wh-in-situ Questions in Spanish. Journal of Linguistics 59. 1-22.
  • González, C. & Lara Reglero. 2023. Prosodic correlates of mirative and new information focus in Spanish wh-in-situ questions. In B. Bullock, C. Russi & A. J. Toribio (eds.), A Half Century of Romance Linguistics: Selected Proceedings of the 50th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages. Berlin: Language Science Press. 265-293.
  • González, C., Christine Weissglass & Daniel Bates. 2022. Creaky Voice and Prosodic Boundaries in Spanish: An Acoustic Study. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 15. 33-65.
  • González, C., Lara Reglero & Nerea Delgado. 2022. The intonation of narrow focus statements in Basque Spanish. In I. Barberia & A. Iribar (eds.), Papers on Basque Linguistics in Honor of Jon Andoni Franco Elorza. Bilbao: University of Deusto. 339-360.
  • González, C. & Lara Reglero. 2020. The intonation of yes-no questions in Spanish. In J. Colomina-Almiñana & S. Sessarego (eds.), Language Patterns in Spanish and Beyond. Structure, Context and Development. New York: Routledge. 223-241.
  • GONZÁLEZ, C. 2020. Consonant assimilation. In S. Colina & F. Martínez-Gil (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Spanish Phonology. New York: Routledge. 84-99.
  • Brandl, Anel, GONZÁLEZ, C., & Amy Bustin. 2020. The Development of Intonation in L2 Spanish: A Perceptual Study. In A. Morales-Front, M. Ferreira, R. Leow & C. Sanz (eds.), Hispanic Linguistics: Current issues and new directions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 12-31.
  • GONZÁLEZ, C. & L. Reglero. 2020. The licensing of wh-in-situ questions: Intonational evidence from Spanish. In A. Morales-Front, M. Ferreira, R. Leow & C. Sanz (eds.), Hispanic Linguistics: Current issues and new directions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 54-73.
  • Mohamed, Sherez, GONZÁLEZ, C., & Antje Muntendam. 2019. Arabic-Spanish language contact in Puerto Rico: A case of glottal stop epenthesis. Languages 4. 1-22.
  • GONZÁLEZ, C. 2018. A typology of stress- and foot- sensitive consonantal phenomena. International Journal of Basque Linguistics and Philology. 87-210.
  • GONZÁLEZ, C. & Lara Reglero. 2018. Dime una cosa: Are wh-in-situ questions different in Spanish? Evidence from intonation. In L. Repetti & F. Ordóñez (eds.), Selected papers from the 46th Linguistics Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL), Stony Brook, NY. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 85-102.